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BOARD 0¥ DlEl.CT:oaS 






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in 2013 


Dear Brethren, 

It deserves to be noticed, in honour of the Christian 
rehgion, that under the benign influence of its principles, 
charitable institutions have more abounded tlian under 
the influence of any other religion whatever. Where do 
we find in heathen countries, however civilized and polish- 
ed, any thing like systematic arrangements for the relief 
of the poor — any infirmaries, hospitals, charity schools, 
or benevolent societies ? For all these things, and for 
much more, we are indebted to the prevailing influence 
of the gospel, regulating by its principles the humaa 
heart, and directing the operations of society. 

But whilst other institutions, useful in themselves, 
confine their operations to a mere worldly benevolence, 
and exhaust their energies in the accommodations of 
time, it is the high ofliice of our Missionary Society to 
regard the eternity of its object, to extend its views to 
another world, and to furnish to perishing immortals the 
bread of eternal life. The means which it adopts, viz, 
preaching the gospel, and administering its ordinances, 
are the very means which God himself has instituted in 
his holy word, and which from the beginning he has 
condescended to own and bless, for the noblest of all 
ends— the production of immortal happiness and holi- 
ness in the souls ^of men. Preaching, indeed, is the 
grand means by which the gospel becomes instrumental 
to salvation, How shall they call on him in whom 

( 4 ) 

they have not believed ? (says the apostle ;) and how 
shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard ? 
and how shall they hear without a preacher ?" "So 
then faith corneth by hearing, and hearing by the word 
of God,'* The pulpit, (says the great Christian poet,) 

•* Must stand acknowledg'd, -.vhile the world shall stand. 

The most important and efifectual guard, . 

Support, and ornament of virtue's cause." - 

From the infancy of the church to the present hour, 
preaching has more roused and engaged the attention of 
mankind, than every thing else which was not miracu- 
lous. Far more knowledge, and far deeper impressions 
of religious subjects, have been gained by mankind from 
this source, than from all other human labours. Nor 
was any other method ever devised so cheap, so conve- 
nient, and so effectual, for the purposes of diffusing iuT 
struction and reforming mankind. The preaching of the 
cross of Christ, although once a stumbling-block to 
the Jews, and to the Greeks foolishness,'V has, by facts 
innumerable and incojitestable, proved itself to be "the 
pQwer of God, and thcJ wisdom of God." By the em-: 
ployment of this means, in which divine truth accompa- 
nies the living energies of a human voice, has been ac- 
cpmplished the most amazing revolution the world ever 
saw. With the preaching of our Lord and his apostles — - 
the fishermen of Galilee— this revolution commenced \ 
and v/hat has been the issue ? The meek and humble 
religion of the cross, by the instrumentality of preaching, 
pervaded the mighty empire of the Romans ; overturned 
their altars \ closed their temples ; hushed to silence their 
pracles; triumphed over the fiercest opposition ; and, 
iiltimately, through a host of prejudices, fortified by anr 
rtiquity, and sanctioned by universal custom, made it? 
Vay to the tlixone of the Caesars. 

( 3 ) 

But ^ more illustrious triyipph, than any yet accom« 
plished, awaits the preaching of the cross of Christ— not 
merely the conquest of an empire, but the conquest of a 
world: for^ ** the earth shall be full of the knowledge of 
the Lord, as the waters cover the sea ; and none shall 
need to say unto his neighbour, Know the Lord ; for all 
shall know him, from the least to the greatest." On this 
subject, the prophecies and promises of God's word 
leave us no room for doubt. The leaven hid in three 
measures of meal, will, most assuredly, leaven the whole 
lump. The grain of mustard seed, will become a great 
tree ; and the stone cut out without hands, will swell into 
a mountain, and fill the whole earth. 

The Board of Directors, brethren, will now proceed * 
^ to give a detailed statement of such appointments as were 
made by them, and fulfilled in the years 18^0, 1821, 
1822, and 1823. " / 

In the year 1820, Mr. Dickinson, a licentiate, from 
the north, was appointed to a mission of two months, 
within the bounds of the presbytery of Concord. Of 
the fulfilment of this mission no account has been receiv- 
ed: it is supposed, however, that Mr. Dickinson did 
■ perforpi, if not the whole, at least a part of the services 
assigned him. 

Mr. Jfohn Harrington, a licentiate of the presbytery of 
f ay etteville^a mission of three months, on missionary 
ground, within the bounds of said presbytery. Mr. 
Harrington, in his report, states, that, according to the 
instructions given him by the Board, his time was em- 
ployed in preaching the word, visiting the sick, attend- 
ing on meetings for prayer and exhortation, and also m 
visiting from house to house— that he laboured in the 
counties of Columbus, Bladen, Cumberland, Moore,' 
^id Randolph ; travelled five' hundred and sixt^-six 


( 6 ) 

miles, and preached forty sermons — tliat altliouglx in 
many places religion was found to be in a languisliing 
state, yet his preaching, for the most part, was sedousiy, 
and, on Sabbath days, numerously attended. Some 
pleasing and Mattering appearances were witnessed ; par- 
ticularly in the counties of Moore and Biaden ; and good 
impressions, it is hoped, were made. Mr. Harrington 
recommends to the attention of the Society, the counties 
of Moore, Randolph, and Montgomery, as an important 
' field for missionary labours ; where, besides other places 
for preaching, there are several small Presbyterian con- 
gregations destitute of the stated means of grace. 

The expenses of this mission amounted to S120, to- 
wards defraying which, only the sum of SI L. 90 was con- / 
tributed by the people among whom your missionary la- 

Mr. Parsons O. Hayes, a licentiate, from the north— r 
a mission of two months in the town of Salisbury, and its 
vicinity. A particular account of his labours, while in 
the service of the Society, is furnished in his missionary 
journal; of which the following is a summary. He spent 
seven weeks in missionary labours, including the time of 
his travelling to the place of his appointment. He rode 
three hundred miles; preached twenty-seven times ; at- 
tended eight meetings for exhortation and prayer ; visit- 
ed several schools, and also visited from house to house. 
He collected in the town of Salisbury, for the benefit of 
the Society, the sum of S30, and states that the attention 
of the people, in that place, to public worship, was highly 
commendable. Some appeared to be seriously impress- 
ed, and in one instance, at least, it is hoped and believed 
^tbat a saving change was experienced. 

la Lexington and its vicinity, where he spent part of 
his time, religious appearances were pronjisingt The 

( 7 ) 

congregation was always numerous, ^nd often crowded 3 
and the gospel message was listened to with much ap- 
parent seriousness and interest. Among this people, 
Mr. Hayes was instrumental in establishing regular 
meetings for prayer and other religious exercises, which, 
as long as he continued with them, he had the plea* 
sure of seeing well attended. In the opinion of the 
Board, the town of Lexington presents to the Society an 
encouragement for missionary labours. A house for 
public worship has been erected there, and is nearly 

The Rev. John H. Pickard — a mission of six weeks, 
in the western counties, within the bounds of the pres- 
bytery of Orange. Mr. Pickard found it impracticable 
to fulfil more than three weeks of the mission assigned 
him. During ^is period, he rode between two and 
three hundred miles— preaclied fourteen times — -admin- 
istered the ordinance of the Lord's supper once — receiv- 
ed on examination one person to the communion of the 
church J and baptised three children* It appears from 
Mr, Pickard's journal, that his hearers were generally 
solemn and attentive. In some instances, under his 
ministry, there were visible signs of contrition ; and m 
others, God's own people appeared to be filled with joy 
and peace in believing. He represents the county of 
Surry, as an important field for missionary exertions* 
The inhabitants, who are almost entirely destitute of the 
stated means of grace, are anxious to have the gospel 
preached among them ; and have particularly requested 
that a missionary should be appointed to visit and ton- 
tinue among them' for some time. Mr. Pickard receiv- 
ed for the Society B15,.83, which sum added to Sl^.'. 
50, collected from subscriptions on his twenty-five cerlt 
book, after defraying the expenses of his mission, leaves 

{ s ) 

a balance of several dollars in favour of the funds of the 

The missionary operations of the year 1820, close 
with Mr. Pickard's mission. Two other persons were 
appointed by the Board, to perform missionary services, 
but their appointments were not fulfilled. From the 
preceding statements it appears, that four missionaries 
vrcrc engaged in the service of the Board in the year 

1820, and the whole time actually spent in missionary 
labours was about thirty -two weeks. 

From ihe minutes of the Board of Directors, it ap- 
pears, that the missionary appointments for the year 

1821, were more numerous than for any preceding year 
since the Society was organized. 

Thirteen missionaries were appointed and commis- 
sioned by the Board, to itinerate in the bounds of the 
Society, and to preach the gospel and administer its or- 
dinances, in places destitute of the stated means of grace, 
and wherever, in the opinion of the Board, there was a 
prospect of doing good to the souls of men, and advan- 
cing tlie interests of the Redeemer's kingdom. The 
whole amount of time embraced by the several mission- 
ary appointments, was tvi/enty-six months. Of the thir- 
teen missionaries appointed, it is understood, that three 
of them, viz* Messrs. Graves, Stafford, and Bowden, did 
not find it convenient, or compatible with their other du- 
ties, to fulfil any part of the missionary services to which 
they were appointed. 

On no former occasion had the journals of your mis- 
sionaries presented so many circumstances calculated to 
enliven the hopes and invigorate the benevolent exertions 
of the Society. Your missionaries, it is true, deeply 
deplc^-d the evidences of fatal indifference towards the 
blessed message of the gospel, which were occasionally 

( 9 ) 

exhibited by those among whom they laboured ; but, in 
the greater number of instances, they express a lively 
hope that their ministry was not in vain. Their own 
feelings — the door of utterance occasionally opened to 
them — the fixed attention of their hearers — the solicitous 
countenance and the weeping eye — together with eviden- 
ces of a more substantial and lasting character, on many 
occasions, cheered the hearts of your missionaries ; and 
led them to the delightful conclusion, that God ^vas, in 
very deed, in the midst of the people, and that the preach- 
ing of his gospel had been accompanied with the power- 
ful influences of the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven. 

In the year 1822, eleven missionaries were, tit different 
times, employed by the Society, and their commissions 
embraced in the whole a term of thirty-one months. 
They w^ere directed to labour in the counties of Iredell, 
Caswell, Halifax, Beaufort, Chatham, Rockingham, Sur- 
ry, Burke, Ashe, and Wilkes ; and in some instances, 
w^ithaut assigning them any particular stations, they were 
directed to labour within the bounds of the different pres- 
byteries. Most of the missionaries fulfilled their appoint- 
ment, and some were prevented by other engagements 
from labouring in the service of the Society. The mis- 
sionary journals of Messrs. Witherspoon, Hatch, Chap, 
man, Gould, Graves, and Stafford, have been received, 
and present a very interesting history of their labours. 

In giving an account of our operations in 1823, we 
remark, that, from the magnitude of the v/ork in which 
we were engaged, and the difficulty of procuring mis. 
sionaries proportionate to the extensive fields of exertion, 
w^e effected not as much as we desired : we did little 
compared with what yet remains to be executed. But 
have no cause to be discouraged. On the contrary, we 

should be grateful that we were enabled to do even more 



( 10 ) 

than the most sanguine expectations ventured to antici- 

In the location of missionaries, it will be perceived 
that the Directors, during that year, confined the opera- 
tions of those who were employed to narrow limits ; and 
instead of giving them a large district to traverse, thought 
it expedient to locate them in towns and villages, in des- 
titute congregations, or selected parts of a county. The 
advantages attending this method must be obvious to all. 
It gives a missionary an opportunity of doing more good 
by religious visits and private conversation ; it enables 
the people to hear the word more frequently preached, 
and to derive more benefit from its ministration, and it 
affords an encouraging prospect of the formation of new 
congregations. The Directors would beg leave to sug- 
gest this subject to the Society, and to recommend in 
general such a location of missionaries. 

In November last, Mr. Thomas Davis, a licentiate of 
the Concord presbytery, was engaged by the Society to 
labour in the destitute parts of Rockingham, In this 
service he was employed two months, and not without 
effect. Most of those to whom he preached, v/ere la- 
mentably destitute of the ordinances of religion, and 
have but few opportunities of hearing the gospel but 
when missionaries are* sent to them. To these people 
he delivered the word of life plainly and faithfully ; and 
we trust thst his labours were not in vain— that the seed 
which he then sowed will be watered by the dews of the 
Spirit, spring up, and produce fruit. 

In December, Rev. Chauncey Eddy, from the Theo- 
l6gical Seminary of Andover, was employed to act as a 
missionary in tlie town* of Morganton and its vicinity. 
He entered upon his mission with alacrity and zeal, and 
by his indefatigable exertions did much for the promo- 

( 11 ) 

tion of religion. This was accomplished as much by 
his private exertions, as by his public preaching. In 
season and out of season" he proclaimed salvation to 
sinners with hopeful encouragement. He edified the 
saints, comforted the afflicted, taught from house to 
house, conversed with many on the concerns of their 
souls, and administered the seals of the covenant. He 
continually repeated his visits to the places where he had 
laboured, watered where he had sown, gave line upon 
line, and precept upon precept;" and by this means 
strengthened the impression which his first preaching 
had made. He revived two or three Presbyterian con- 
gregations, which had almost fallen to decay ; re-organi- 
zed the churches, appointed officers, and received mem- 
bers : and with pleasure we inform the Society, now ex- 
ercises the pastoral ofiice over them. 

In January, Mr. James Douglass, a licentiate of the 
presbytery of New- Castle, (Delaware,) made an engage- 
ment with the Board, to undertake a mission to the des- 
titute parts of Granville county ; and was employed two 
months in three vacant congregations, Oxford, Provi- 
dence, and Spring Grove.— We hesitate not to say, that 
he was a rich blessing to that people, and the instrument 
of greatly promoting their spiritual interests. Besides 
the public ministry of the word, to which he attended 
whenever an opportunity offered, he paid the strictest 
attention to catechetical instruction, the establishment of 
Sabbath schools, the instruction^ of Bible classes, conver- 
sation on pious subjects, and other means of a private 

There are two parts of the conduct of this missionary, 
to which we cannot but particularly refer, as affording 
model for all engaged in the same service. — The one is, 
the special solicitude which he manifested for youth and 

( 12 ) 

little children. No opportunity seemed to pass without 
some gentle warning — some kind admonition.— In his 
journal of the 15th of March, he says — On this day I 
visited ten families, and conversed with the several mem- 
bers on religious subjects. — Found children from 8 to 
12 years of age, who had never been taught to pray, al- 
though their mother is a professor of religion. I endea- 
voured to give them some instruction in this part of their 
duty." — We rejoice that our missionaries hear the Sa- 
viour saying to them, as he once did to the son of Jonas, 
Feed my lambs."^^ — Another circumstance in the con- 
duct of this missionary, strikes our attention — the deep 
and lively interest which he felt for the salvation of the 
blacks. Employed in a part of our state where this 
class of the community is numerous, he felt that they 
too needed his instructions and labours ; that the com- 
mission which he received from his Master to preach, 
eJctended also to them ; that they too had precious and 
immortal souls, which God created and the Saviour re- 
deemed.~With such interest for their spiritual welfare, 
he frequently conversed with them on the necessity of 
religion, and often appointed for them special meetings, 
ill which he preached the doctrines of the cross with 
pointed eaergy^, but yet with a simple plainness, adapted 
to their humble capacities. These instructions cannot 
$001^ or easily be forgotten. 

These three united congregations have presented a 
call to IVIr. Douglass to settle permanently among them ; 
and tye understand that there is a prospect of his soon 
becoming their pastor.^ 

, Jn February, Mr. Robert Anderson, a licentiate of the 
Hatiover presbytery, was appointed by the Board to la- 

• Since the presentation of the above Report, Mr.Donglass has been settled 
in Moufeesborough. 

( 13 ) 

hour two months in the western part of Burke county 

In a letter to the Secretary, he represents this part of our- 
state as presenting an extensive field for missionary ex- 
ertion — every where exhibiting marks of moral desola- 
tion. But few regular churches are there estabhshed, 
and but little enlightened preaching is ever heard. The 
consequence is, that the greater part of the people are de- 
plorably ignorant on the subject of religion, and openly 
neglectful of the interests of their salvation. — Our mis- 
sionary endeavoured to rouse them by close and faithful 
preaching ; and not confining his labours to the Sabbath, 
established many private meetmgs for divine worship. 
In some of these meetings there was great solemnity ; 
such as encouraged the preacher to hope that he had been 
the instrument of bringing some to a saving knowledge 
of divine truth. 

In April, Mr. James Cant, a licentiate^ of the presby- 
tery of New-York, undertook a mission to Bladen coun- 
ty. The greater part of this county is represented by 
him as being in great want of missionary aid. There are 
some professors who are truly enga,^ed in religion, and 
who adorn their Christian profession ; but vast numbers 
are heedless and indifferent to spiritual things. Some 
Presbyterian churches are languishing for want of the 
means of grace, and unless attention be paid to them, 
must soon become extinct. They expressed gratitude 
to the Society for the services of our missionary, and 
manifested it by their liberal contributions ; ,at the ^ame 
time entreating us to be mindful of their necessities, and 
to continue to send them the preaching of the gospel. 
Upon the whole^ we think that Mr. Cant was useful ia 
Bladen. In sincerity and truth he preached the , plain, 
doctrines of the gospel; and we have reason. to believe 
that thi great Head of the church, in some instances, 

( 14 ) 

crowned it with his blessing. His labours in general 
were well received — many heard the word gladly — and 
the assemblies on Sabbath, and at other times, were 
large, attentive and solemn. 

In May, Mr. Gilbert Cra^vford, a licentiate of the 
New-Brunswick presbytery, was appointed to labour in 
four united congregations in Robison and Richmond 
counties, formerly under the pastoral care of the late 
Rev. Mr. M'Nair. Among this people he enjoyed a 
peculiar advantage in being a Highlander, and able to 
converse and preach in the Gaelic language. These con- 
gregations received him with great alFection, and treated 
him with much respect. Since the death of their pastor, 
they had heard but little preaching ; and when our mis- 
sionary was sent to them, they hailed his appearance with 
gratitude and joy. The anxiety to hear preaching was 
unusually great; the assemblies for worship were al- 
ways large ; and the attention that pervaded them was 
deep and solemn. In his journal he remarks, " What 
adds much to the credit of this pious people, is their ex- 
ertions to get to a place of public worship on foot, in the 
absence of milder accommodations. I knew several el- 
derly women travel on foot to a communion season, 10 
or 12 miles. The time has been when the same people 
walked 20 miles after night to a meeting.- — For the last 
8' days I preached 13 times.. The average, during my 
residence here, has been once every day. My audiences 
were large; on some occasions consisting of as many as 
1300* The houses could not hold the people on any of 
tlie Sabbath days. Our church was therefore the woods ; 
our curtains the canopy of heaven. The attention was 
uncommon; the solemnities of all, and the sorrows of 
some, were great ; the prospect of a revival of religion 
ajiisidcr^lc, • It were certainly to be desired that your 

( 15 ) 

Board would be pleased to direct more of its operations 
towards this section of the country." — On his departure, 
Mr. Crawford was earnestly solicited to settle among 
them as their pastor. 

In August, Mr. James Stafford, a licentiate of the Con- 
cord presbytery, was engaged by the Board to labour in 
the destitute parts of Randolph county. His acceptance 
of a call from other congregations to exercise the pasto- 
ral office, prevented him from fulfilling this mission. 

In September, the Rev. Wm. D. Paisley received a 
commission to labour one month in a part of Randolph 
county, where a Presbyterian church is building, and 
one month in the town of Washington. This commis- 
sion has not yet been fulfilled, but will be commenced 
in a few weeks. We doubt not that this missionary will 
be indefatigable in his exertions, and prove a blessing to 
the people among whom he may labour. 

In addition to the above appoint ments, we would ob- 
serve, that in January, the Rev, Shepard K. Koiiock was 
appomted a special agent, to solicit subscriptions and do- 
nations for the Society in the eastern part of the state. In 
this object he was successful, and collected a consider- 
able sum for the disposal of tlie institution. 

In this tour he performed the duties of a missionary, 
confining his operations to NewLern, Washingtoil, and 
Edenton. In the town of Washington the prospect of 
usefulness was considerable. Since he left them, a Pres- 
byterian church and congregation have been organized, 
which promise to become in time respectable and flou- 
rishing. ' . 

In reviewing the transactions of the past year, the Di- 
rectors, al^ lOugh they find much reason for humiliation 
before Gf d for the very imperfect manner in which they 
have attended upon liis work, yet discover abundant 

C 16 ) 

cause for gratitude to the Head of the church for the 
manner in which he has blessed their unworthy eiforts to 
spread abroad the knowledge of his name. — Let it no 
longer be said that our Society has done nothing — is 
doing nothing. We have the animating confidence, in- 
spired by the known success of every effort which has 
been made in this good work. True, we did not begin 
without hope. At every step our expectations have 
been confirmed. Agreeably to our anticipations, we 
have seen new churches forming through our instrumen- 
tality ; languishing ones strengthened; and the wilder- 
ness beginning to blossom as the rose, and to echo the 
praises' -of God. We have witnessed the old and the 
young coming up to the courts of the Lord, where for 
years no sanctuary had opened its doors ; the fire of hea- 
ven, long extinguished, re-kindled on the altar of God ; 
the full assembly at his throne of grace, and the influences 
of the Spirit descending upon them ; the table of our 
Saviour spread, and the memorials of his death received 
by humble, grateful, welcome guests. How sweet the 
reflection to the heart of every member of this Society, 
that he has contributed to effects like these. 

It is true that what we have done falls far short of 
what the exigences of the case demand. When we cast 
our eyes over those wide fields already ripe for the hand 
of the reaper, that present themselves on every side, 
it seems Tery little to send out a few labourers, to thrust 
in a sickle - here and there, into the most promising and 
fertile p^rts, and collect a few sheaves. And when v/e 
remember, that much of what is left by us will be seized 
by the evil one, and bound in bundles for the eternal 
flame, it seems^ to be incumbent on us to see that it is 
through no fault of ours that the whole harvest is not ga- 
tliered into the granary of the Lord. But herein do we 

C " ) 

find cause to contemplate cur past labours with saUsEac- 
tion, and to take oceasion from them to look fortvard 
with hope. We have been furnished with evidence, 
that open hostib'ty to the pure, holy and hnmbltng doc- 
trines of evangelical religion is net to be espected. For 
the uniform testimony borne by the journals of the mis- 
sionaries, is, that the inhabitants of the regions through 
which they have travelled, have flocked with eagerness 
to attend on their ministrations, and ha've listened in the 
attitude of men hungering and thirsting after righreous- 
ness,'' and as those who knew what a dreadful thing it is 
to live where thare is a famine of the word of God. How 
different is this reception &om that winch the jSrst toch- 
ers of Christianity met with when they entered ib^ Tm- ' 
ous cities of the. Roman empire, bearing the glad tidings 
of a Saviour slain for the sins of the world. They had 
the sophistries of the proud philosophers, the Stoics and 
Epicureans to encounter. The prince of darkness, after 
having, for many ages, held mankind m chains, and 
S7r:i7ed z irri :J ^i-oalrdllea doroim<Hi over a sub- 
ject7 1:1: : ' ' '7zt, zz-^dhlms^ 

for its, w---. :^ zzd excited spirit of persecutioil 
agamst so that !a eToy dlj bonds 2sd 

imprisonmoits awaitsd"- Sien3i ■ Bat By the^ things 
^~:zl:z not dismayed r:: I:i-:esf!eiied. They 

wei^ men like gih^v^' ■ And if these saldiers of 
cin^ TeatoroJ, iiiider sudi ciit^ to faope fcr 

fin::! ^-rttress, and to fffdbeed to f^siit fe ^arrted bT the 
c. - cathe shrioes of the idol gods, we tuizlj my 

Tcniiire to take eaa5in2gement, nor shall we deserve the 
name of men, sda fess^t of Christko^ if we feO to 
persevere. Indeed, the qu^cm whether w^ shall ven- 
ture to contiBue our missionary e2£erdcsis,iiow resolves it- 
self into one of cool calciilatiaii. May we npl count 

( 18 ) 

on the countenance, assistance and support of a Christian 
community, in the blessed work of communicating to a 
ruined world the glad tidings of their redemption? The 
prospect of the future blessedness of those that should 
believe, was so lovely and glorious, that even the *'Holy 
One that inhabiteth eternity," could not resist those feel- 
ings of love and pity that prompted him to suffer in their 
stead. The sighs and tears of man had power to charm 
the Saviour away from the songs of angels — to charm 
him — not to another heaven, and to other songs as sweet 
and holy, but to that wicked world, where his soul was 
to be sorrowful, even unto death. These were the works 
of Jesus. Can we safely expect that men will part with 
tlieir worldly substance, for the promotion of that object 
for which the Saviour shed his blood ? When the Spirit 
was first poured out on the day of Pentecost, the con- 
verts sold their possessions, and came and laid the money 
at the apostles' feet. And both in that day and the follow- 
ing ages, there have been found those who, from love to 
God, have been willing to give their bodies to be burned. 
Now we cannot believe, that of those that bear the name 
of Christ, all are so sJow to follow his example, that they 
will do nothing. We cannot believe, that the spirit of 
primitive Christianity is so utterly extinct and dead, that 
, no scheme for carrying on the work begun of old, will 
prosper. We trust that no one who has tasted of the 
good gift of GjDd, and the powers of the v/orld to come, 
will withhold his hand. We trust, also, that those who 
as yet lay no claim to an acquaintance with experimental 
religion — who look to the mercy of God at some future 
^time— whose compassion for a suffering fellow creature 
""leads them, when he is cold and naked to clothe him, 

-'when hungry to feed him, will not refuse to contribute 


( 19 ) 

something to relieve a more urgent an,d dreadful neces- 

The recital of our proceedings must, we think, pro- 
duce one of two effects on every feeling and pious mind — 
it must either fill it with gloom and despondency, and 
lead it to give over every exertion in despair, or rouse 
in it a zeal and devotion that has never been felt before. 
It is hoped, however, that no one, on comparing the 
supply with the necessity — the small number of mis- 
ionaries with a population of some hundreds of thou- 
sands, will be induced to give over the case as hope- 
less. It is to be remembered, that all those exertions 
which have issued in a change in the moral character 
of a large portion of our race, have been commenced 
under circumstances abundantly more unfavourable 
than those in which we are placed. We, if we con- 
sult only the maxims of mere carnal prudence, may 
safely persevere. And yet it is by refusing all regard 
to these maxims — hoping against hope, and continu- 
ing exertion when the probability was strong against 
success, that the church has finally emerged in bright- 
ness and beauty, from under the darkest clouds that 
have ever rested upon her. If one who has never felt 
the power of that strong faith, under the influence of 
which the Christian looks with unwavering confidence 
to God under all circumstances, had been consulted by 
the apostles, before they commenced their labours, what 
kind of answer would he have given? You, alitde band 
of ignorant fishermen, think of overturning the establish- 
ed religion of the Roman empire?" would he not have 
said. " What are your means ? You might as well have 
undertaken to overturn the world." But, thanks to God, 
the apostles listened to no such cold suggestions as these. 
St. Paul says, that he " conferred not with flesh and blood," 

C £0 ) 

He listened to the i award teaching of the Spirit, and the 
blessed consequences which we are experiencing at the 
present day. When Lutherdiscovered the dreadful aposta- 
cy from the faith once delivered to the saints, of which 
the church of Rome had been guilty, had he followed the 
cold, teniporising maxims, and imitated the cowardice 
of some Ghristians, he would only have retired to some 
solitude, and there have deplored in silence and tears the 
desolations of Zion, When he raised his arm, and gave 
the first blow to the papal hierarchy, how hopeless did 
the, contest appear. Yet that was the commencement of 
a Reformation, for which half of Europe and half of Ame- 
rica will have reason to bless God as long as the world 
shall endure. The great operations that are now carry- 
ing on in the eastern world, for evangelizing the heathen, 
would never have beep heard of, if the first projectors of 
the work had been deterred from the undertaking by any 
cx)nsideration- of the inadequacy of the means to the 
^nd. In the first, instancei four missionaries only went 
out- tp corrvert the vast empire of Indostan, with its 
millions of peoplCj to Christianity. It was some years 
before they made a single convert* But the great work 
is now going on with a rapidity and success, that war- 
rants the belief^ that, in a very few years, the stand- 
ard oP the Cross will wave in triumph from the southern 
extremity of tlie peninsula of India to the mountains that 
form its nortl^erri boundary. It. is, undoubtedly, our 
duty-to fill the whole country with missionaries, till there 
shall be no dark corner of the land unenlightened by the 
beattis of the Sun of righteousness. This may appear- 
to €ome a great undertaking ; and such it undoubtedly is, 
i^ind such we ought to regard it* Wc ought to regard' 
it as one which we are^ nevertheless, to achieve* It is 

( 21 ) 

to be remem.ber:ed, that. as. the work advances, the num- 
ber oE the labourers: will also uicrease, till eva?y aection 
of our country shall be not only able, but wiUing to sup- 
port its own religious teacher. 

Rut how mudx yet: remains to be done— how large a 
portion of our state lies in spiritual darkness. What a 
vast number of desolate places have never yet been vi- 
sited by our missionaries— have never received the least 
assistance from our Society. 

Brethren, we are engaged in the cause of a gracious 
Master, who will pardon our infirmities, and accept the 
willingness of our devoted hearts. We are engaged in 
a glorious cause — in the cause of the Lord Jesus against 
the malignant enemy of the human race — of the Prince 
of life against the powers of darkness and of death. W^e 
are engaged in. a benevolent cjause, whose aim. is to res- 
cue sinners from the thraldom of sin, the captivity of Sa- 
tan, and the horrors of perdition. We. are engaged in 
an honourable cause; for we. are workers together with 
God, and with- multitudes- of . our fellow Christians in 
different quarters of the globe, in extending the aews of 
salvation to perishing sinners. . How happy are we to be 
indulged with, an opportunity: of. communicating the gqs-t 
pel of the blessed Jesus to the destitute^ How happy 
to live in a day when the triumphs of tlie cross are so 
manifest, and when we may contribute so much to aid 
its triumphs. " The cai^sejn which we are engaged ^is 
pregnant with encouragement and hope. God has aU 
ready given us earnests of future success. It is his 
cause, and it must prevail ; for he has promised final vic- 
tory ; and Jesus, the Lord of hosts, the captain of sal- 
vation, is our leader.— Let us be true to his service— r 
Jet us press on with ardour in the glorious work— and 

( 22 ) 

never be satisfied until our Society becomes one of the 
most efficient instruments in the hands of the Almighty. 

Think, brethren, of the many hundreds and thousands 
in our state, who are destitute of the ordinances of God. 
O ! think of the many places where Sabbaths pass away 
year after year, but where no sound of the gospel is heard ; 
no hand of pastoral sympathy is extended to wipe away 
the tears of sorrow, or to point the sick and dying to 
the only Saviour of men. Children grow up to man- 
hood, and hasten to eternity, with no spiritual guide to 
direct them in the path to heaven — no influence of grace 
descends to arrest the current of man'» depravity, and 
change the heart of the sinner.- — Many of these places 
solicit our sympathy and aid. Our missionaries tell us 
so. Their own letters beseech us not to forget them — 
though they are destitute and ignorant, not to forget, 
but to pity and succour them. Let their cries not only 
enter our ears, but penetrate our hearts. As a needy 
people, they throw themselves upon our charity. Let 
our benevolence be excited — let us eagerly flee to res- 
cue them. 

!• Grant us your prayers, your contributions, and every 
other means, to assist us in this great, and noble, an4 
benevolent work. 

In behalf of the Board of Directors. 

HENRY POTTER, President 
Shepard K. Kollock, Secretary. 


Deeply concerned for the condition ol multitudes within the 
bounds of the Synod of North-Carolina, who are unhappily destitute 
of the preaching of the word of God, and of all the invaluable bles- 
sings of Gospel ordinances regularly administered : We the subscri- 
bers, in the name of the Great Head of the Church, and trusting 
to his grace to succeed our efforts, do agree to form ourselves into a 
Missionary Society, to be called "The Presbyterian Missionary 
Society oe North-Carolina," and to be governed and conducted 
according to the following Constitution, viz. 

I. The exclusive object of this Society shall be to raise funds, 
and appropriate them to the support of Missionaries for preaching 
the Gospel, and administering its Ordinances, within the bounds of 
the Synod of North-Carolina. 

II. Every person who shall subscribe this Constitution, and pa^ 
the sum of Two Dollars, shall be a member of this Society as long 
as he shall continue to pay One Dollar annually. And every per- 
son who shall pay the sum of Tea Dollars, shall be considered a 
Member for life, without further contribution. 

HI. Every Donor of One Hundred Dollars shall be an Honora- 
ry President for Life. Every Donor of Fifty Dollars shall be an 
Honorary Vice-President for Life. And every Donor of Twenty- 
Five Dollars shall be an Honorary Director for Life. Either of 
the sums mentioned in this article, shall be payable in five ecjua! 
annual instalments. 

IV. The Society shall hold their annual meetings during the sit- 
ting of Synod, and at the same place j and a Sermon, adapted to 
the occasion, shall be preached by some person previously appoint- 
ed ; and a collection shall then bl made in aid of the funds. 

V. The Officers of this Society shall consist of a President, three 
Vice-Presidents, a Secretary, and Treasurer, who, with eleven oth- 
er persons, all members of the Presbyterian Church, shall constitute 
a Board of Directors, to be elected by ballot or otherwise, at ever/ 
•annual meeting of the Society. 

( 24 ) 

Yl. The Board of Directors, in the recess of the Society, shall 
liare the management of all missions ; shall appoint missionaries ; 
give them their instructions ^ draw upon the Treasurer for the sums 
necessary to carry their designs into execution ; receive donations j 
fill all vacancies which m^y happen in their Board during the re- 
cess ; adopt such further measures, consistent with the Constitu- 
tion, as they shall deem necessary or expedient, and make report to 
the Society at every annual meeting. 

VII. The Board of Directors shall meet by its otvn adjourn- 
ments ; and special meetings of the Board may be called by the 
President, or one of the Vice-Presidents, with the concurrence of 
any two of its members. 

VIII. All monies arising from life subscriptions and donations, 
shall be laid out in profitable stock, constituting a permanent fund, 
the proceeds only of which shall be employed in Missionary expen- 
ditures. \ . 

^ IX. No alterations or amendments shall be made in this Consti- 
tution, except at an annual meeting, and by a vote of two thirds of 
the members present. 

X. Ten members of the Society shall be a quorum to transact 
business ; and four Directors, together with the President, or one 
of the Vice-Presidents, shall form a quorum of the Board. 

Hon. HENRY POTTER, President. 
: . Rev. JOHN ROBINSON, 1st Vice-President. 

tlev. JOSEPH CALDWELL, D. D. 2d Vice-President 
Rev. COLIN M'lVER, 3d Vice-President. 
Hev. SHEPARD K. KOLLOCK, Secretary. 
fiTHAN A. ANDREWS, Esq. Treasurer. 


Rev. John Mi-WiLsoN, Hon . Frederick Nash, 

Kev. Wm, M'Pheeters, D. D. James Mebane, Esq. 

Kev. John B. Davies, I'homas H. Taylor, Esq. 

Rev. John W1THERSP09N, Mr. William Shaw, 

Rev^ Elisha Mitchell, Mr. N, H. Harding. 
Rev. Robert H. Morrison, 





Beloved Brethren, 

It is no unusual thing for ecclesiastical bodies to ad - 
dress thenaseives by letter to those over whose spiritual ' 
and eternal welfare they are appointed to watch. We 
have before us apostolic example, and the usages of the 
church in every age of the world. It seemeth good to us, 
therefore, to visit you at this time, and by letter to bo 
present with you; to rejoice with you in that which is a 
matter of joy, and to mourn with you in that over which 
we ought to weep; to tender to you the consolations of 
the gospel, and afford you that counsel and instruction 
which may promote the glorj of God, and your best every 
lasting interests, : 

Among the many causes of thankfulness and joy, we * 
would mention the follovvingr . c * * 

An increase of ministers. Since ministers are senTof 
God to « turn men from darkness to lighti and from the 
power of sin and satan unto the service of the living 
God;" as they have ever been, and continue to be,4a-''^ 
strumental in promoting the temporal happiness and 
eternal salvation of their feUoW beings, every additioit to 
their number ought to be a matter of tharvkfulq^ss .and 
praise. Since the year 1816, it has pleased the Great 
Head of the church so to multiply our number, that this 
presbytery, which then consisted of eight ministers, now 
numbers sixteen ministers. Many pnjmising young meji, 
who have devoted themselves to the service of the sanc- 
tuary, are now diligently preparing to enter the field of 


labour, and we trust the day is not far distant, when 
these fields, which are already white to harvest, will ex- 
perience the zealous efforts of those hopeful youths. 

Presbytery have under their care seven promising ' 
young men, prosecuting their theological studies; and 
from the recent revivals of religion in some of our church- 
es, we have reason to hope many more may be found 
willing and desirous to enter the vineyard of our Lord. 
This increase of ministers, has been attended with a re- 
building of the waste places of our Zion. Many ot our, hi- 
therto, destitute congregations, are supplied statedly v\ith 
the word of life, and no longer doomed to silent Sabbaths. 
Many new churches and congregations have been formed, 
and blessed with the influence of the faithful pastor, so 
that we have indeed reason to exclaim, ** what hath God 

2. Union among ministers. Whilst some portions of 
the church of Christ are pained by beholding the conten- 
tions and divisions among the ministers of Christ, it is 
our unspeakable happiness to witness the perfect union 
and harmony of opinion, and the brotherly love and kind- 
ness which reigns in our body. There is but one mind 
with us — to follow Christ, and to study the peace, purity 
and prosperity of the church. You yourselves are wit- 
nesses, that we declare to you, *< but one faith, one Lord, 
one baptism.". Brethren, continue to pray for us, that 
no root of bitterness springing up, trouble us. 

3, Revivals of religion. We have reason to be thank- 
ful that God hath not left us without witnesses of his 
gracious presence, tokens for good, that we may know 
his promises are unfailing. Man v of you, dear brethren, 
have experienced bis gracious presence, and can better 
feel than describe that this presence is life. It is true, this 
-work of grace has not been so general, as to prevent ma- 
ny of our churches from crying, " ah. our leanness! our 
leanness!'* yet in some few, thus highly favoured, a large 
increase has been the result. Our presbytery has not 
been so extensively visited as some other portions of the 
church; yet we should be thankful that we have not had 
to complain with others, that the heavens were as brass, 
and the earth as iron. Some drops of mercy we have felt, 
and numerous additions have been made to the church. 
Brethren, let our continued supplications be, Lord revive 


us; in the midst of these years, ia wrath, deserved wrath, 
remember mercv, 

4. An increased and growing attention to the discipline 
of the church. The prosperity, the glory and beauty of 
the church depends upon her purity^ and this purity is in 
a great measure owing to the faithfulness of those who 
are appointed to watch over her spiritual concerns. On 
this subject there seems to be an anxious desire on the 
part of your ministers and elders to keep the church pure, 
Christ came to redeem and purify unto himself a peculiar 
people, zealous of good works. Of such the church should 
ever consist; her glory and excellency is not in numbers, 
but in the purity of her members, 

5. Harn)ony with orber denominations of christianM, 
Between the members of our communion and other mem- 
bers of the body of Christ, we have reason to believe there 
exists much harmony and brotherly love. This is as it 
should be. The religion of Jesus is a religion of love. 
The design is to unite and bind men together; not to se- 
ver and separate them one from another. Ail its precepts 
and institutions are founded upon that broad and heaven- 
ly charter, " peace on earth and good wilHo man." Un- 
der all the variegated forms which the world assumes, 
we discover the same spirit reigning. So under all the 
forms of religion ought (here to be manifested one reign- 
ing spirit of love. Your ministers study peace, and endea- 
vour to maintain it with all cneo. The truth may and must 
he declared with all plainness and fidelity; bat this may be 
done without interfering with the rights of conscience io 
other men. Though studious of peace, we trust yon will 
not find them unprepared fop the contest, when fidelity 
to their charge demands that they contend earnestly for 
the order of the gospel, and for the faith once delivered 
to the saints. May that day soon come, when the watck- 
Dien on Zion*s wall shall see eye to eye and face to face. 

But whilst we call you to thanksgiving and praise for 
these good mercies of God, we would mingle otir com- 
plaints, and counsel, and exhortatiou, concerning those 
things which ought to be io us a matter of grief. 

1st. The pecuniary embarrassments under which this 
section of country has laboured for some ^eai's past, have 
been a source of strong temptation to many. Too manyt 
we fear, have been induced to engage in business, if not 


unlawful for the cliristsan, at least inexpedientj and by 
hastening to be rich, or obtain relief from their eoibar* 
rassments, have fallen into temptation, into snares, and 
have pierced themselves through with many sorrows. We 
may lay it down as a fixed principle, that whatever em- 
ployment tends to weaken our thoughts of God and divine 
things, or injure the morals of the community at large, 
must be wrong in God's sight. If there be any among 
you, brethren, thus circumstanced, we beseech you, as you 
value your own souls and the souls of others, to put away 
these things. The only remedy for the ills under which 
we labour, is sobriety, temperance, industry, united with 
the fear of God, and a constant sense of our dependance 
upon him. The path of duty will always be found the 
path of safety. Let there be among you *< just weights 
and measures;" use not the balances of deceit; defraud 
not, lie not one to another. «« Whatsoever things are true, 
whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, 
whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever tilings are love- 
ly, whatsoever things are of good report, think on these 
things," "and happy are ye if ye do them." We would 
especially exhort the officers in the church to be in these 
things, as in all others, an example to the flock over 
which they are appointed to preside. 

2. Observance of the Sabbath, we fear, is too much ne- 
glected. The Sabbath day is the safeguard of our holy 
religion. If this be kept holy, vital piety will flourish; if 
it be neglected, vital piety must decline, and even the 
moral restraints x)f the forms of religion soon be banish- 
ed. If we would grow in grace, honour our Master, and 
enjoy the consolations of the gospel, we must be careful 
in all things to improve this sacred day of rest. The 
Sabbath must be to us «a delight, the holy of the Lord, 
and honorable." We ought to guard against the sin which 
so provoked the Lord, and called down his heavy judg* 
ments upon Judab and Jerusalem. As we value our civil 
and religious liberties, our children and servants should 
be instructed and commanded to keep holy the Sabbath 
day, and to be warned of the danger of neglecting or 
abusing it. Works of necessity and mercy are allowed 
on this holy day. But how many deceive themselves, and 
under the shelter of necessity and mercy, indulge a lati- 
tudinarian spirit and conduct, which is condemned by 

the word of God. Many in order to be under the neces- 
sity of travelling on the Lord's day, will leave their homes 
for a journey on Friday or Saturday. Others plead the 
nature of their calling, which demands their travelling on 
this holy day. But, dear brethren, until the bible speaks 
a language different from that which it now does, we must 
aver to you, that the calling which demands this disregard 
of God's holy commandment, must be unlawful, and there- 
fore injurious to your best eternal interests. We do ex- 
hort you to remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy; 

There is need, dear brethren, of a stricter example of 
holy living amongst us. Ye are not your own, for ye are 
bought With a price, and are therefore bound tco glorify 
him in your bodies and spirits, which are his. When ini- 
quity abounds, and the love of many waxeth cold, when 
the enemy cometh in like a flood, the church of God 
should lift up the standard of holy living against it, for 
the weapons of her warfare are not carnal but spiritual. 
Christians should be careful not to be partakers of other 
men's sins. Whatever, therefore, may minister to the 
evil habits of others, ought carefully to be guarded 
against. ISo habit is more destructive in its consequences, 
more ruinous to men both in time and through eternity, 
than the intemperate use of ardent spirits. Where men 
assemble for such indulgences, professors of religion' 
ought not to be found; and every incentive and encour- 
agement to this destructive habit should be avoided. It is 
painful to behold those who tender their services to their 
; fellow creatufes, to frame laws for their government, 
pursuing a coarse year after year, which must eventually 
producs a state of misery and ruin in many of their con- 
stituents, beyond the remedy of ^11 the wholesome laws 
they can possibly frame. It is not surprising that design- 
ing men, who seek their own interests and not the inte- 
rests of others, should be found stooping to such injurl- 
oos measures to ensure their political success; but it is 
painful to behold good men, those who profess to love 
God and the souls of their fellow men, countenancing by 
their presence and example such a ruinous practice. Tha 
excuse which is generally made, that a candidate cannot 
be elected without this, presents a most humiliating pic- 
ture of the purity of our republican institutions. But, 
brethren, we cannot believe that there is so little virtue 

in the people at large, that a good man cannot receive 
the saffragps of his iellow citizens, unless he p'jrchases 
their votes with (he price of their moral ruin. Indeed, an 
American citizen ought to consider himself insulted, that 
SL^ant\U\iite should put the bottle to his head, to turn Ins 
brain to get his vote. Brethren, we beseech >ou to lend 
your atd in putting down these pernicious practices; and 
in order to thiH we ilo regard it as the duty of all chris- 
tians to withhold their support Irora those candidates 
whose conduct tends to injure the morals of the commu- 
tiity at large. We would earnestly recommend this sub- 
ject to the careful attention of the churches; and exhort 
our brethren, by precept and example^ to labour to put a 
stop to this growing evil. 

As a preservative from this, and from all vices, we 
would press upon you the cultivation of family religion. 
The reading God's holy word, the morning and the eve- 
ning supplication at a throne of grace, and the careful in- 
struction of children in divine things, hath been a niean 
greatly blessed by tlie Head of the church ior the preser- 
vation and increase of vital piety. We tear that there 
is not that attention given to the instruction of children 
and youth that there should be; that biblical and catechet- 
ical instruction is too much neglected by parents. If, 
brethren, you expect the profit of pastoral labour, you 
iBUSt aid your ministers in their exertions. We rejoice 
in the institution of Sunday schools for the instruction of 
the young and ignorant in the things of God; and vsa 
would earnestly recommend to you their encouragement 
and support. Let there be one in every neighborhood, 
and all tho exertions you may make* will, in a few years, 
be atnply repaid by the beneficial eSects upon all around 

We would urge upon our churches the duty of aiding 
in ail the benevolent exertions that are making for the 
increase of the Redeemer's kingdom, and the promotion 
of the happinesss of our fellow men. Christians should 
regard it aa a privilege that they are permitted to live 
iti a day like this. The churcK of God seems to be awa- 
kened in these latter days, to the great concerns of eter- 
nity. And blind indeed must be that mind, and cold and 
contracted that heart, which can neither behold the march 
the church is makiDg) nor feel a lively interest in aiding 


ber progress. It is no lime now to enter into cold calcu- 
lations with regard to the result of this or that benevo- 
lent institution. The prophecies of scripture, the promis- 
es of God, the daily experience of the church, all unite in 
confirming the encouraging declaration of Jesus, »♦ fear 
not little flock, for ii is your Father*8 good pleasure to 
give you the kingdom." Bible, missionary, tract, and 
education societies, all demand the fostering hand of the 
pious and benevolent; and we cannot withhold our assis- 
tance without bringing leanness upon our own souls. 

Brethren, we would, in the conclusion ol this address, 
remind you of the duty of supporting the gospel ministry; 
a duty not regarded as such by many, we tear; and attend- 
ed to by these, more as matter of convenience, than of 
religious obligation. The roinistry of the gospel is an in- 
stitution of God, not the appointment of man. True mi- 
nisters are called of God to this high and holy office, not 
of man. The temporal support of this ministry is founded 
upon the commandment ot God, and not the will of man. 
Under the Mosaic dispensation of grace, they that mi- 
nistered in holy things were separated from all worldly 
avocations, and devoted entirely to the service of the tem- 
ple; nevertheless, ample provision was made for the tem- 
poral support of the priest and his family. Under the 
gospel dispensation the same is ordained. Such is the view 
which the apostle in his epistle to the church of Corinth 
takes of this subject, 1 Cor. ix. « Who goeth a warfare 
at any time at his own charges? who planteth a vineyard 
and eateth not of the fruit thereof ? or who feedeth a flock 
and eatetb not of the milk of the flock? It is written in 
the law oi Moses, thoo shalt not muzzle the mouth of tba 
ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for 
oxen? or saith he it altogether lor our sakes? For our 
sakes, no doubt, it is written: that be that plougheth 
should plough in hope; and he that threshetb in hope 
should be partaker of his hope. If we have sown untp yon 
spiritual things, is it a great thing if we reap your carnal 
things? Do ye not know that they which minister about 
holy things live of the things of the temple, and they which 
wait at the altar are partakers with the altar? Even so 
hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel 
should live of the gospel." To the christian, to !he gene- 
rous mindy it is sufficient to know that the support of the 


njiuistrv is ordained of the Lord, and attended with a bles- 
sios: lo'thp world. Such will not be disposed to regard 
thtir contributions to this object in the light of chanty, 
but i>fJiiStkG* Many of our people, we are persuaded, do 
Bat takt* proper views of the subject; they do not view it 
ft$ » thit^v and a privilege to minister of their carnal things 
t\i thuse of whose spiritual things thej constantly reap. 

we should not witness so njany of our ministers en- 
tai^gled with the world, compelled (o he busied with its 
Ci>i)cerus, and depressed with its cares. Is it just, is it li- 
bi*ral in our people, to expect their ministers to devote 
their time, their talents, their all to their spiritual and 
eternal interests, and be left at the same time to struggle 
with the distressing cares and embarrassments which a 
scanty provision brings upon them? If compelled to at- 
tend to the concerns ot the world, to provide things ho- 
nest in the sight of all men for himself and family, he 
sinks in the estimation of his people, is charged with a 
worldly spirit, becomes lifeless, in a measure, to spiritual 
things, and repays his charge with that leanness in spi- 
ritual things with which they visit him in temporal things. 
Brethren, these things ought not so to be. The ministry 
is a high and holy calling, and ought to be one undivided 
work. It demands, and should have, all the powers of a 
man; and he who is called to it, should be placed by his 
people above the cares incident to an ordinary support. 
We ask not for our ministers, even that portion of the 
riches of this world, which their time and talents, if era- 
ployed as other men, coight gain for them; but we ask 
that which is just, and which God ordains — " that they 
wfiich preach the gospel should live of the gospel." 

Brethren, we commend you to our and your heavenly 
Father. May he guide you into all truth, direct you al- 
ways in the path of duty, and bless you in all things tem- 
poral and spiritual. And may grace, mercy and peace, 
from the Father, Son and Spirit, rest upoD and abide 
with ycu ever more. 

By order of the Presbytery, 

J. WITHERSPOON, Stated Clerk. 

D. Heartt, Printer,